The US$92.1 million Africa Adaptation Programme was designed to assist 20 countries across Africa to incorporate climate change risks and opportunities into their national development processes in order to protect development gains from climate change. The programme was financed by the Government of Japan under the Japan-UNDP Joint Framework for Building Partnership to address climate change in Africa within the Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development.
The AAP was launched in 2008 by the United Nations Development Programme in partnership with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP). It completed operations at the close of 2012.
The AAP was not a traditional climate change adaptation programme. Designed to support transformational changes, it had a more strategic focus aimed at creating an environment in which more informed and appropriate development and adaptation decisions and practices could be undertaken and that future projects and programming could build upon.
The AAP’s five outcomes and five capacities for development resilience
The AAP supported countries to achieve five outcomes:
Outcome 1: Countries have introduced dynamic, long-term planning mechanisms to manage the inherent uncertainties of climate change.
Outcome 2: Countries have built leadership capacities and developed institutional frameworks to manage climate change risks and opportunities in an integrated manner at the local and national levels.
Outcome 3: Countries are implementing climate-resilient policies and measures in priority sectors.
Outcome 4: Financing options to meet national adaptation costs have been expanded at the local, national, sub-regional and regional levels.
Outcome 5: Knowledge on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate climate change risks and opportunities is being generated and shared across all levels.
Associated with the above five outcomes, the AAP focused on strengthening five capacities that are crucial to designing and implementing a resilient development agenda:
Twenty national teams, one regional team, multi-faceted support
Projects to build the above capacities were implemented by a National Team in each of the 20 AAP countries. Each team was led by the host government and assisted by the UNDP office in that country.
The AAP Regional Team, which was based in Dakar, helped the National Teams build their capacities for development resilience by providing both responsive and proactive technical assistance
Through support from the Regional Team and the development of networks between countries—as well as through global policy and technical assistance from UNDP HQ—each participating AAP country acquired and built the knowledge and capacities to better secure their development agendas from the threat of climate change.
During the four years of its implementation, the AAP laid the foundations for an ongoing, dynamic adaptation process in harmony with each country’s social, environmental and economic priorities. In each country the AAP helped create an environment in which decisions and activities in support of adaptation can be evidence-based, strategic and appropriate to the goals of sustainable development.